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              廣州為明國際大講堂“美國大學及職業”

                      2015年10月14號周三晚上,廣州為明國際學校為明大講堂新學期開講,并由此拉開了學業及職業規劃系列活動的序幕。第一講由外方學術主任Trevor主任主講,他主講的題目是《COLLEGES IN AMERICA AND CAREERS(美國大學及職業)》。

               

                      Trevor首先展示CHINESE STUDENTS AND CHINESE COLLEGES中國學生和大學:HOW DOES A CHINESE STUDENT GET INTO A GOOD COLLEGE?中國學生怎么進入好大學?Step 1. The student must get into a good school. Therefore the student needs a good grade on their ZhongKao.Step 2. The student must get a good score in the GaoKao exam.Step 3. The student usually looks for a college that will accept them.Step 4. ONLY THEN do they choose their course.

               

                      WHAT IS THE FOCUS? It is more important to get into a good college than to choose a course!! 在中國,大家更關注去一個好的大學而不是好的專業。 IN AMERICA? VERY, VERY DIFFERENT!! 在美國,非常不一樣。

               

                      HOW ARE COLLEGES GRADED IN AMERICA? 美國大學是怎么分級的?There are good colleges that are famous, like Harvard and Yale. These colleges are called the Ivy League colleges.It is a fact that many students want to get into these colleges. It is a fact that only 15% of students who apply are accepted.有很多著名的大學,如哈佛和耶魯,這些大學叫常春藤,是很多學生夢寐以求的大學,但他們只接受15%的學生的申請。

               

                      IT IS ALSO A FACT THAT THE ARE OTHER COLLEGES THAT OFFER BETTER COURSES THAN THESE IVY LEAGUE COLLEGES!! 但是,其它的大學的某些專業比長春藤大學的專業還好。THIS IS WHAT IS IMPORTANT!! In America, you FIRST choose your course, and THEN you look for a good college that offers your course.這是非常重要的,在美國,你先選專業,再選大學。There is not one college that has the best courses in everything.不是只有一所大學有最好的專業。

               

                      Colleges tend to specialize in one area. For example, college A will be excellent for students studying medicine. College B will be excellent for student studying Engineering. College C will be excellent for students studying Business, and so on.

               

                      WHAT DO I NEED TO KNOW? You need to know what course you want to take when you go to college in America.你需要知道在美國你想選什么專業。

               

                      HOW DO I CHOOSE MY COURSE? 我們怎么選專業呢?You need to know what career path you are going to follow.Most of you have no idea what career you are going to choose.So, now it is time to think!!!!!

                      

                      SOME GUIDELINES WHEN THINKING ABOUT A CAREER。職業指南:Your career must pay enough for you to be able to live!你的職業能養家糊口。It is better to find something that you enjoy and are good at.是你喜歡擅長的方面。The types of careers available are changing. 你喜歡的職業類型總在發生變化。You must plan a career that has a future. 你必須做一份未來的職業規劃。Remember, China is still a developing country. The work that many people do now, will not be the work that people are doing in 10 – 20 years’ time. 中國是一個發展中國家,現在人們從事的工作,未必是10-20 后的工作。

               

                      TIME FOR SOME ECONOMICS從經濟學來看:There are 4 economic sectors that are recognized四大經濟因素:Production生產, Manufacturing and Selling銷售, Service服務, Creative創意。

               

                      THE FIRST SECTOR: PRIMARY。This is how all economies start: this is what we call production.These are the people who make raw materials available.Examples are agriculture and mining.Notice from the graph that this sector becomes less and less important as a country’s economy develops.

                      

                      THE SECOND SECTOR: SECONDARY.This is when industrialization starts. People now start taking raw materials and making new things which are then sold.Industries and markets develop, and more and more people are involved in either making things or selling things. Notice that this sector grows for a while and then reaches a point called de-industrialization. After that this sector does not grow any more and becomes less and less important.

                      

                      THE THIRD SECTOR: TERTIARY.This is what we call the Service industry.These people do not make anything; instead they sell a service. Examples are Doctors, Teachers, Bankers, Hairdressers. These people basically sell information and they do things for you that you are unable to do for yourself.Notice that this group keeps on climbing and climbing – interesting!

               

                      THE FOURTH SECTOR: QUATERNARY.This is what we call the Creative sector. These are the people who sell ideas. 21st Century skills – does it sound familiar????According to the clever people, this will be the last sector to develop and will also continue to grow.

                      

                      CHINA AND AMERICA – WHERE ARE THEY?中國和美國—他們處于什么位置?CHINA – A DEVELOPING COUNTRY。CHINA – ECONOMY STILL BASED ON INDUSTRY中國是發展中國家,依然以工業為基礎。The Chinese Economy has not yet passed the point of Deindustrialization.Even so, the only sector that is really developing and will continue to develop years into the future is the Service Sector.The Creative Sector will probably only start developing in around 10 years’ time.At the moment there is a high demand for jobs in the Manufacturing and Selling Sector, as well as demand in the Service Sector.In 5 or 10 years time, the demand for jobs in the Manufacturing and Selling sector will start to drop, while the demand for jobs in the Service Sector will continue to grow.

               

                      LET US LOOK AT SOME CAREER GROUPS讓我們看一下一些職業組There are 6 different groups of careers六大職業類型:Realistic – working with your hands;Investigative – finding out about things;Artistic – using your creative skills;Social – working with people;Enterprising – doing business and making money;Conventional – doing routine tasks。

                      

                      You must discover where you fit in, and then look for suitable careers in that area. 你必須從以上六大職業類型中找到適合自己的領域的職業。You must then find out what area of study you must undertake to become qualified in that field.然后你才知道你在那個領域所需要的能力,從而有針對性地選擇專業去學習。

               

                      Trevor主任這次講座從很高的理論層次去做學業規劃指導,為同學們的奮斗指明方向。

               

                (圖片由致遠記者站魏瑤,曹雅靜提供 )



               

               

               

               

               

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